History of over 100 years of aviation

More than 100 years ago, most people would have said they would never be able to fly. How is it possible to fly without wings? The idea of flying was in fact a madness but also a danger at the same time. And yet, in the next century, a series of exciting discoveries have been unleashed to change the world.

It was a time when everyone tried to overcome their own barriers and boundaries, and many inventors began to invent a flying machine, from Traian Vuia to the brothers Orville and Wilbur Wright, the most renowned as the airplane inventors.

Most of the inventors at that time were impulsive, disorganized, eager only by the fame they could get from an invention that would change mankind. Some have tried to create wings for their arms. Others have created planes that looked like huge umbrellas. Of course, most have collapsed because of multiple dysfunctions.

The Wright Brothers, however, were much more scientific and methodical, believing in their ideas from the beginning, and applying a safer testing environment, hoping they could create a real, functional aircraft. Even today, scientists do not just build things or visual objects, but they are tested for functionality to ensure that it meets the purpose for which it was created.

Thus, they analyzed in detail the way birds fly to try to copy as much as possible this natural mechanism.

In 1901 and 1902, the Wright Brothers tested larger gliders and increased efficiency. Based on the results, they added a mobile queue, two propellers, twisting wires and a gasoline engine.

In Romania, on march 18 from 1906, Traian Vuia made one of the first self-propelled flights (without catapults or other exterior means) with a heavier device than the air, following various tests and a project he believed.

After a 50-meter acceleration, the device lifted at a height of nearly one meter, over a distance of 12 meters, after which the propeller blades stopped and the plane landed.

Many newspapers from France, Italy, or the United Kingdom have written about the first man to fly a heavier than air system, equipped with their own take-off, propulsion and landing systems. Traian Vuia dies in 1950, after blasting other projects such as a steam generator (1925) or two helicopters (1918 and 1922).

Henri Coanda, the discoverer of the effect that bears his name (Coanda Effect), realizes in 1910 the first reactive propulsion jet (reactive jet).

At the other end of the world, the Wright brothers, after many attempts, succeeded on October 5, 1905 to fly over 34 miles in 38 minutes. In 1909, they set up the Wright airline to manufacture aircraft for the US Army. The modification of their project continued until 1912 when one of the brothers died.